Corporate Income Tax – Tax Form 200

Our accountancy experts in Marbella will briefly inform you about the Corporate Income Tax, or Tax Form 200, to make your corporate accountancy easier.

What is Corporate Income Tax?

Corporate Income Tax is a yearly tax applied to the benefits the corporate has had along the fiscal year.

Which is the fiscal year?

There are two types of fiscal years for corporations:

Natural: from the 1st of January until the 31st of December.

Non-Natural: this type is for corporations that do not have the year's initial and final date as the natural ones like, for instance, from the 1st of May to the 30th of April.

Which is the percentage applied to the Corporate Income Tax?

The general type of this tax is 25% of the total benefits the company has made along with the fiscal exercise. Also, there are special types for the following cases:

New creation companies whose partners have not made the same activity previously,
will have a reduced tax percentage of 15%.
Credit entities and exploitation of fossil fuels will have a tax percentage of 30%.
Cooperative societies fiscally protected will have a tax percentage of 20%.
Non-lucrative corporations will have a tax percentage of 10%.
Investment funds, investment companies with variable share capital (SICAV), Regulation
funds of the mortgage market will have a tax percentage of 1%.
Pensión funds will have a tax percentage of 0% (exempted).

What happens if the company has losses during the fiscal exercise?

If the company has losses during the fiscal year, it will not have to pay the Tax Form 200. Instead, these losses will remain assigned as Negative Results from Previous Years and can be applied in the following years to compensate with the Benefit.

What is the advanced payment of the Corporate Income Tax?

During the fiscal year, the companies with benefits on the previous fiscal year will have to fulfil the tax form 202 of withholding and advance payments of the Corporate Income Tax. These tax forms will have to be fulfilled in April, October, and December, and they are advance payments of the Corporate Income Tax, reducing the total amount to pay when the tax form 200 have to be fulfilled.

How is the Benefit calculated?

The Benefit of a company is the result of Income minus Expenses. Then, we have to deduct the Negative Results from previous years and, once is deducted, the tax percentage has to be applied to the result, giving us a final amount to pay. Over the final amount to pay, we have to deduct if we have made any advance payments during the year with the tax form 202, and then proceed to payment or ask for the return (in case the advance payments amounts are bigger than the tax amount).

How do the benefits get distributed to the accountancy?

Once the tax form is fulfilled, the Benefit will distribute in:

Legal reserves: 10% of the total benefits until reaching 20% of the share capital
Voluntary reserves: The rest will go to voluntary reserves, which can be distributed as dividends
to the shareholders, which is also taxed with the tax form 123.

When do you have to pay the Corporate Income Tax?

The Corporate Income Tax will have to be paid during the 25 natural days after 6 months of the end of the fiscal year.

From our law firm in Marbella Mercury Abogados, our accountancy experts can help you with the calculation and fulfilment of the Tax Form 200, along with any other taxes obligation with the Inland Revenue.